Valley Career & Technical Center
    Adult and Continuing Education
    Course Descriptions 


    Beginning Photography
    Calling all shutterbugs! If you own a camera and want to improve your photography skills, beginning photography is the class for you! Learn about F stops, shutter speeds , depth of field , picture composition , all the other bells and whistles of cameras. Learn how to successfully and artistically capture precious moments in this high energy class.
    Intermediate photography, we are taking it to the next level at Valley Career & Technical Center. You will be learning the photography vocabulary and using those new elements to complete homework assignments each week. We will also be working with your computer editing software to produce visual art pieces for display. This is a challenging class for the inspired shutterbug in you.

    Water ColorNature Inspired

    In this class you will learn how to capture your surroundings, it may be trees, flowers, birds, sea shells, leaves, butterflies, barns, gates, windows etc. This class will also touch on techniques, to help complete your desired effect. This should be a fun class. So, if you think you would like to experience a new way to do water color, then this class is for you. Call the school to sign up, as classes fill fast. 


    1. Paints    KOI watercolors Pocket field sketch box 24 half pan set or
    2. Field Artist Pro 12 half pan water color set - amazon
    3. Brushes #2 & #8 round short handles 
    4. Paper    Canson XL or L"Aquarelle Canson Heritage water color paper 140 lb cold press or rough
    5. Palette - small metal butch tray - amazon
    6. Miscellaneous supplies –
    7. mechanical pencil   
    8. Kneaded eraser   
    9. paper towels
    10. 2 water containers   
    11. a roll of Washi Tape or painters’ tape     
    12. small hair dryer
    13. all materials can be found on Amazon,
    14. If you have your own supplies, bring what you have.
    15. No art experience necessary.

    Water Color

    Beginning students as well as experienced painters can explore and develop fundamental techniques in wash, color mixing, texture, water control, brush work, and more. Find out what makes water color so much fun. No art experience needed. This is a 6 week class and fills fast, so if you are interested please call the school to sign up.


    1. Paints    KOI watercolors Pocket field sketch box 24 half pan set or
    2. Field Artist Pro 12 half pan water color set - amazon
    3. Brushes #2 & #8 round short handles 
    4. Paper    Canson XL or L"Aquarelle Canson Heritage water color paper 140 lb cold press or rough
    5. Palette - small metal butch tray - amazon
    6. Miscellaneous supplies –
    7. mechanical pencil   
    8. Kneaded eraser   
    9. paper towels
    10. 2 water containers   
    11. a roll of Washi Tape or painters’ tape     
    12. small hair dryer
    13. all materials can be found on Amazon,
    14. If you have your own supplies, bring what you have.
    15. No art experience necessary.

    CULINARY ARTS                                                                                                                  

    Cake Decorating  This course will include lessons on how to decorate cakes and cupcakes. In this course you will learn how to make buttercream frosting and proper use of a decorating bag, cake preparation and icing coloring. This course is a perfect place to start. Your instructor will show you the right way to decorate step by step; you will share the fun with other students who will encourage you along the way. 



    Edible Landscaping is the use of fruit and vegetable plants as design features integrated into the traditional landscape design.  These plants are used both for aesthetic value as well as the enjoyment of producing your own fresh fruit and vegetables. We will focus on organic growing methods. If you are interested in creating a beautiful and culinary delightful landscape this class is for you!


    Beginning Excel
    is designed for the student with a limited or no experience in using this program. Lessons will cover the basic design of the program including the worksheets and workbooks, changing the appearance of a worksheet, organizing a worksheet, worksheet formulas, making the worksheet useful, working with multiple worksheets and working with charts. The student who completes this course should be prepared to take MOS core certification or SAM core certification. A flash drive is recommended for this class and some typing skills are helpful.


    Beg. Computer/Introduction to Windows 10

    This course introduces participants to the use of a computer, using Microsoft’s operating system, Windows 10. In this course, participants will learn how to recognize and customize properties of Windows, and learn to use some of the programs such as a
    Word File management and organization will be a topic of focus. In addition, participants will learn to create an efficient work environment, clean up their system and will be spend quite a bit of time learning about the internet.
    Learning Outcomes
    1. Create a document by using Word/Google Docs.
    2. Organize the contents of your hard drive using Windows Explorer.
    3. Create an efficient work environment by using Control Panel and Accessibility programs.
    4. Perform a variety of media tasks by using the Help and Support Center.
    5. Clean up your system by using My Computer and the Recycle Bin.
    6. Find information on the Internet by using various web browsers.
    Behaviors of Successful People/Customer Service 
    Provide employees with a short training module on what behavior is expected in the work place. Emphasis on punctuality/attendance, co-worker relations, constructive criticism, professional appearance, work quality, work attitude, work ethics and customer service.
    CPT, ICD-10, and HCPCS Coding (Beginning CPT/ICD Medical Coding)
    This course will introduce the student to the fascinating world of medical diagnosis coding. CPT Codes are developed and maintained by the American Medical Association to provide a uniform language which describes medical, surgical and diagnostic services performed by healthcare professionals. This course will enable students to understand and accurately use CPT Codes for medical billing. We will explore the purpose of ICD coding and its relationship to reimbursement. Students will learn basic coding guidelines and how to assign codes based on medical records. Medical terminology as it relates to coding will also be covered.
             Pre-requisites: Medical Terminology 

    Certified Medical Assistant
    This program prepares medical assistant students to perform patient clinical skills in various medical office settings. Students perform clinical procedures including administering medications, assisting with minor surgery, performing an electrocardiogram, obtaining laboratory specimens for testing, educating patients, and maintaining clinical equipment in an ambulatory care setting. Medical assistants perform routine clinical tasks to keep the offices of physicians, podiatrist, chiropractors, and optometrist running smoothly.

    CPR and First Aid
    The CPR/First Aide Program is a course developed to provide training in the provision of CPR and emergency care for those who are likely to be the first person on the scene of an accident, fire, or medical emergency. The emphasis of the course prepares the responder to address immediate life threats and injuries until trained emergency personnel are available. This training is appropriate for professionals such as teachers, school bus drivers, postal employees, and large segments of industry such as miners or factory workers.

    Dental Assistant
    This class provides the skills needed to begin a career in dental assisting. Learn techniques involved in two-handed dentistry. Learn how to educate patients in the need of regular dental care and become an integral part of a successful dental team. 

    Medical Office Specialist                                                                                                                                                             This is an introductory course to prepare students for employment in a medical office.  You will learn the essentials of medical office flow to include: Patient registration, telephone management, HIPAA, OSHA, medical terminology, a basic understanding of health insurance, an introduction to Procedural & Diagnostic coding, and much more. 

     Nurse Aide 
    This 120-hr. Course includes 80 hours of classroom and laboratory instruction and 40 hours of clinical experience in a long term care facility. The primary purposes of this training program are to prepare the student for employment in a long-term care facility. Provide nursing assistants presently employed in long term care with an in-depth training program. Provide each student with instruction on how to perform uncomplicated long-term care nursing procedures.

    Certified Nurse Aides (CNA) are those persons who have completed an approved nurse aide training program, have passed the state competency test, and have been issued a certificate by the Virginia Board of Nursing. “Certified Nurse Aide” is a legal title.  Only persons who have met these requirements can use it.



    2015 International Plumbing Code
    This course is designed to understand requirements set forth in the 2015 International Plumbing Code. We will be studding the entire Code with emphasis on understanding and applying the code successfully in the field. The class will also review key provisions of the CABO/ANSI A117.1-2003 accessibility code governing accessibility standards in the State of Virginia. The main emphasis will be Commercial Plumbing installations and accessibility standards, but we will also cover most residential applications. Upon completion of the course, students will have a working knowledge of these codes & will be familiar with life-safety issues & installation requirements as they relate to Plumbing installations in the State of Virginia.
    2015 International Mechanical Code Class
    This class will be a chapter-by-chapter review of the 2015 International Mechanical Code, is the adopted code governing mechanical (HVAC) installations in the State of Virginia. The class will concentrate on requirements such as outdoor ventilation air, combustion air, liquid & solid fuel-burning appliances, chimneys and vents, boilers and water heaters, etc. The class will also review key provisions of the 2015 International Fuel Gas Code, which governs fuel gas installations in the State of Virginia. Upon completion of the course, students will have a working knowledge of these codes & will be familiar with life-safety issues & installation requirements as they relate to mechanical & fuel gas installations in the State of Virginia

    Advanced Auto Mechanics                                                                                                                                                                                This class picks up where the Basic Auto Mechanics class ends. It is designed for that next step in repairing automobiles. Over the course of 12 weeks we will cover; alignment, fuel trim and oxygen sensors, diagnosis with scan tool, clutch technology, introduction into the automatic and manual transmission and differential, and how to use special tools to diagnose vehicles.The curriculum presented in this class is from the James E Duffy Automotive Technology and ASE study guides. This course is presented by an ASE Master Certified Automobile Technician.

    Prerequisite: Basic Auto Mechanics.**safety glasses required

    Advanced Carpentry – Finish Carpentry
    This course is designed to improve the carpenter's trim and finish skills. Areas covered include crown molding, setting and trimming doors (not pre-hung units) stair construction and installation of factory cabinetry. Hard wood flooring and custom deck treatments are also discussed. 

             **safety glasses required
    Advanced Carpentry – Framing
    Focuses on framing and skills necessary in today's construction. Topics include layout, production techniques, rafters/roof framing, stair layout, etc. Instruction also includes deck construction and finish. 
             **safety glasses required
    Advanced Electrical Wiring
    This course is a continuation of the Basic Electrical Wiring, emphasizing residential wiring. Topics covered include: Intermediate/Advanced electrical circuit theory, wiring systems, planning of branch circuitry. Use of electrical meters and electrical math and calculations. 
             **safety glasses required
    Advanced Machine Shop
    This is an advanced course with emphasis on more advanced techniques operating machine tools including lathes and milling machines, as well as surface grinders. Much time will be spent working on practical projects, machine maintenance, job planning and advanced set-up techniques. 
             **safety glasses and safety shoes required

    Advanced Plumbing                                                                                                                                                                         

    This course is designed to cover the following areas;

    1. Designing Drainage, Waste, and Vent Systems
    2. Designing Water Supply Systems
    3. Installing Cast Iron and Steel Pipe
    4. Installing PVC, CPVC, and ABS
    5. Installing Flexible Plastic
    6. Installing Copper
    7. Installing Fixtures, Faucets, and Appliances
    8. Septic Systems
    9. Storm Water Piping and Sumps
    10. Gas Piping
    11. Installing Air Conditioning Systems
    12. Installing Hydronic Heating

    Advanced Welding                                                                                                                                                                                                   This class goes into more detail with different metal, different positions and weld tests that will prepare you for the Certification. This is a 12-week, 36-hour class. Prerequisites Basic Welding– Requirements **safety glasses, leather high top shoes (safety toe), leather welding gloves, long-sleeve shirt (leather sleeves or jacket)

    Air Conditioning & Refrigeration I
    Entry-Level Curriculum
    The basic entry-level curriculum will include all the basic HVAC/R knowledge. It will be the starting point and foundation for all students advancing to specific curriculum levels. 
             **safety glasses required
       1.      Safety will be taught prior to live work being performed.  Safety will be an integral part of the training program.  All students and visitors will comply with all safety rules and practices.
        2.      Introduction and history of HVAC/R.  (2 hours)
        3.      Heat transfer and thermodynamics. (4 hours)
        4.      Pressure and temperature theory.  (4 hours)
        5.      Basic refrigeration cycle and components including residential style refrigeration.
        6.      Basic electricity – Ohms Law, Electrical components, using meters, reading electrical schematics, and motor theory.  (8 hours)
        7.      Refrigeration types, Recovery/Recycling/Reclaiming.  EPA Clean Air Act Section 608.  (6 hours)
    Air Conditioning & Refrigeration II
    Part II from Entry-Level Curriculum
    Refrigeration II is a continuation from the Basic-Entry level class that picks up on unit 13 and continues to unit 24 in the same textbook. 
             **safety glasses required
    1.  Introduction to Automatic Controls. (6 hours)
    2.  Control Components and Applications. (4 hours)
    3.  Troubleshooting Basic Controls. (4 hours)
    4.  Electronic and Programmable Controls. (3 hours)
    5.  Types of Electric Motors. (3 hours)
    6.  Application of Electric Motors. (3 hours)
    7.  Motor Controls. (3 hours)
    8.  Troubleshooting Electric Motors. (2 hours)
    9.   Commercial Refrigeration Systems and Controls. (5 hours)          
    10. Compressors and Expansion Devices. (4 hours)
    Prerequisite: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration I
    Air Conditioning & Refrigeration III
    Refrigeration III is a continuation from the Part II-level class that picks up on unit 25 and continues to unit 36 in the same textbook. 
             **safety glasses required
    1.  Special refrigeration system components. 
    2.  Application of refrigeration systems.
    3.  Special refrigeration applications.
    4.  Troubleshooting and typical operating conditions.
    5.  Electric heat.
    6.  Gas heat.
    7.  Oil heat.
    8.  Hydronic heat.
    9.  Alternative heating (stoves, fireplace inserts and solar)
    10. Indoor air quality.
    11. Refrigeration applied to air conditioning.
    Prerequisite: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration I & II
    Air Conditioning & Refrigeration IV
    Refrigeration IV is a continuation from the Part III-Level class that picks up on Unit 37 and continues to Unit 50 in the same textbook. The objectives to be included but not limited too are as follows: 
             **safety glasses required
    Air distribution and balance (air conditioning)
    Controls for air conditioning
    Domestic refrigerators
    Room air conditioning
    Chilled-water air conditioning systems
    High-pressure, low-pressure, and absorption systems
    Cooling towers and pumps
    Operation, maintenance, and troubleshooting of chilled-water systems
     Prerequisite: Air Conditioning & Refrigeration I & II & III
    Apprenticeship Group Study
    This is a supervised self-study class for apprentices needing certain classes in metallurgy, basic & advanced diemaking, cosmetology, nail technology, etc. This is not instructor-led! Regular attendance is required.
    Architectural Blueprint Reading
    This is a basic course in reading and understanding architectural blueprints. The main scope of the course will be interpreting the graphic and written language of the various plans and drawings relating to residential and commercial construction.
    Auto Body Repair I (Basic Auto Body Repair)
    This course trains the students in personal and shop safety and the identification and use of hand and power tools. An introduction to gas and mig welding is covered in addition to the use of the body filler. 

             **safety glasses and safety shoes required.
    Auto Body Repair II
    This course trains students in repair of major body damage and complete panel removal and installation procedures and the use of plastic fillers. Additional instruction includes the necessary aspects of starting and operating a body and paint shop. Includes: safety glasses
    Introduction to automotive painting
    Use and care of equipment
    Surface preparation and precautions
    Paint problems – causes and cures
    Shop materials
    Special repair work
    Minor paint repairs
             **safety glasses and safety shoes required.

    AutoCAD 2019 and/or Autodesk’s Inventor 2019
    @ Stuarts Draft High School taught by Duane Burtner. Using Autodesk’s AutoCAD 2019, this introductory course is for students interested in using the computer to draw or represent objects.  Students will be exposed to the basic commands of two- dimensional computer aided drafting needed to produce and print working drawings.

    The Autodesk’s Inventor 2019 class is an intermediate course for students who have had the AutoCAD drawing class as a prerequisite or are proficient using AutoCAD.  Students will be exposed to a variety of more difficult drawing assignments as they relate to the world of mechanical engineering. The graphic language and terms used for product design, technical illustration, and how three-dimensional objects are represented in two and three dimensional mediums are the basic objectives of the class.  Students will be exposed to complex orthographic and isometric drawings and assemblies.  Auxiliary and sectional views as well as creating and manipulate 3-D models are part of the course as well.    

    Basic Auto Mechanics                                                                                                                                                    Over the course of 12 weeks this course will cover an overview of the automobile. Every week will be a different class, which will focus on the basic engine, brakes, tires, steering, suspension, electrical, heating and air conditioning, cooling systems, diagnosis, computers, and sensors. This is designed for the person who has little to no experience in the automotive industry, or for someone looking to sharpen their skills. You will learn by instruction in the classroom and hands on in the shop. The curriculum presented in this class is from the James E Duffy Automotive Technology and ASE study guides. This course is presented by an ASE Master Certified Automobile Technician.   
    **safety glasses required                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          

    Basic Carpentry                                                                                                                                                                                                            Learn to build with wood! In Basic Carpentry, students will develop fundamental carpentry skills through hands-on training. Class exercises will range from wall construction to trimwork, and will emphasize how a solid understanding of basic geometry is central to sound, accurate building practices. Main topics of Basic Carpentry will include safety, measurement and layout, proper tool selection and use, and conventional building materials. Bring your questions!  **safety glasses required  

    Basic Diesel Mechanics

    This 12-week course includes 6 sessions covering Diesel Engines & Engine Subsystems; 3 sessions covering Diesel Fuel Systems: Operations and Maintenance, and; 3 sessions covering Preventative Maintenance for Diesel Vehicles. 
             **safety glasses required
    Basic Electrical Wiring  
    VCTC’s 12 week, 36 hour Basic Electrical Wiring course is geared toward Residential Electrical applications. The course begins by learning Electrical Theory followed by hands on learning in wiring booths.
             **safety glasses required
    Topics covered: Electrical fundamentals
    Electrical circuit theory
    Wiring systems
    Planning branch circuitry
    Electrical math
    Reading blueprints
    Basic Machine Shop
    This introductory course consists of blueprint reading and interpretation, practical application of semi-precision and precision measuring skills using common precision measuring tools. Emphasis will be placed on shop safety while acquiring skills operating and setting up machines such as mills, lathes, band saws, drill presses, as well as instruction in proper use of common hand tools. Much time will be dedicated to math applications pertaining to the metal cutting industry. 
             **safety glasses required
    Basic Plumbing
    This basic 36 hour course is designed to give the student a solid foundation of skills, tools, materials, procedures, and safety practices used in today's modern and complex plumbing field. Areas to be covered include;
    1. Safety
    2. Plumbing Tools
    3. Leveling Tools
    4. Math
    5. Hydraulics and Pneumatics
    6. Print Reading
    7. Rigging and Hoisting
    8. Building and Plumbing Codes
    9. Soldering and Brazing
    10. Water Treatment
    11. Plumbing Fixtures
    12. Piping Materials and Fittings
    13. Valves and Meters
    14. Water Heaters

    Basic Welding
    This course exposes students to cutting with the oxy-acetylene torch and the plasma cutter and common welding technologies including oxy-acetylene, MIG, & TIG welding. Safety procedures for equipment are also covered. This is a 12-week, 36-hour class.
    Requirements – safety glasses, leather high top shoes (safety toe), leather welding gloves, long-sleeve shirt (leather sleeves or jacket)

     CFC Certification
    CFC Section 608
    Training and testing class This class is an approved class by the Environmental Protection Agency per the requirements of Section 608 of the Clean Air Act. It is designed to permit the certification of technicians as required by this act. All technicians are required to be certified to purchase or handle refrigerants after November 14, 1994.
    The class starts at 8:00 AM with training from a textbook till 11:00 AM then a video will be shown till 12:00 PM. A lunch break is taken till 1:00 PM. Then another video will be shown, and then a review session will be conducted until the time to start the test. The test will start by 3:00 PM and all participants will be given 2 hours to complete the test.
    Test break down: Core: 25 questions must correctly answer 18 questions to pass
    Type I Certification: Small appliances, 25 questions: 18 correctly answer questions to pass.
    Type II Certification: High-pressure appliances, 25 questions: 18 correctly answer questions to pass.
    Type II Certification: Low-pressure appliances, 25 questions: 18 correctly answer questions to pass.
    All students must pass core to pass any other section. If any other section is failed then just that section that was failed, may be needed to be retested. Certified in: Type I, II, and III the technician will receive a universal certification. This is given to show that a technician is legal to work on all HVACR equipment. These certifications should ensure that the technician knows how to handle the refrigerant in a safe manner without exhausting it to the atmosphere.
    Computer Aided Drafting & Design
    The Computer Aided Drafting & Design Class is an introductory course for students interested in using the computer to draw or represent objects using "AutoCAD 2012". Students will be exposed to the basic commands of 2 dimensional computer aided drafting needed to produce and print working drawings
    CNC Programming
    Instruction includes:
    G and M codes for CNC program controls
    Program format
    Familiarization of CNC control options
    Straight line moves
    Rapid repositioning
    Canned cycles (i.e. Drilling, tapping etc.)
    Cutter compensation
    Circular interpolation (including I and J dimensioning)
    Offset location
    Pocket milling
    Practical applications of these issues
    By the end of this course the student should be able to read existing CNC programs to determine important variables in those programs and be able to modify them when called upon to do so. Also, the student will be able to write simple programs without the use of a computer aided machining program.
    This class is designed to teach the basics of communication as it relates to the workplace. Topics will include written, oral, non-verbal and electronic communication; listening; employer expectations; conflicts and how to resolve them; calming angry customers; and the components of an effective job search. By the end of this class you will:
    Have developed a resume
    Demonstrate good interviewing skills including wage negotiation
    Know how to write a performance evaluation and a business letter
    Understand job applications and how to complete them
    Be able to understand and deal with criticism
    Make a 10 minute presentation to the group
    Any additional information the group requests

    Cosmetology Program Course Description
    Instructor Led Cosmetology Class for Adults
    This course is to provide adult students theory and hands on skills training in an effort to make them more marketable to enter an apprenticeship training program with a salon. The placement with a salon could be either during or upon completion of the training. The class will meet each Monday and Wednesday from 5 – 9 p.m. for 15 weeks. This course will satisfy the completion of the required apprenticeship training program theory. Textbook and student kits are provided.

    Fundamentals of Electricity/Electronics
    A. Introduction to electricity
    1. Atomic theory
    2. Basic electric circuit components
    3. Electric circuit variable characteristics and units of measure
    Voltage – volts
    Current – amps
    Resistance – ohms
    Power – watts
    4. Basic electrical safety
    Electrical shock
    Electrical burns
    Fire and explosion
    Heat buildup
    Mechanical hazards
    Fock, tag, clear, try, release
    B. Direct current (DC) fundamentals
    1. Basic circuit configuration
    2. Discussion of fundamental laws
    3. Basic circuit calculations including circuit configuration and laws
    C. Electrical diagrams
    1. Pictorial
    2. Wiring
    3. Schematic
    4. Schematic symbols

    Industrial Bearings and Lubrication
    The course concentrates on the type of bearings found in the industrial workplace. Bearing types include journal, roller, ball and thrust. Each bearing's operating characteristic is discussed in detail. Lubricating requirements for each type is provided and additional lubrication information is supplied through handouts. Information concerning bearing housing seals and mechanical shaft seals is presented. Class participants are encouraged to bring failed bearing to class. The class will try to determine the type of bearing failure and make recommendations for corrections.
    Industrial Drive Components
    This course covers commonly used mechanical drive couplings, plus special couplings, such as shear, torque-limiting, floating, and electrical insulated. Topics also include:
    Belt drives
    Chain drives
    Fundamentals of speed reducers
    Types of speed reducers

    Industrial Electricity – Power I
    This course is designed to introduce the student to electrical circuits, devices and alternating current concepts which apply to all power classes proceeding. Power I is a prerequisite to Power II, III, IV, and V classes. 
             **safety glasses required
    Industrial Electricity – Power II
    This course covers the principles and applications of transformers. Typical transformers such as step up, step down, buck/boost, isolation and autotransformers are discussed. Single phase as well as three phase power distribution derived from transformers within the facilities will be discussed. 
             **safety glasses required
    I. Introduction to transformers
    Transformer construction
    Turns ratio
    Addictive/subtractive polarities
    Transformer inductance and impedance
    Calculations of voltage, current, and power
    Transformer concepts
    II. Types of transformers
    Step up transformers
    Step down transformers
    Isolation transformers
    Buck/boost transformers
    III. Transformer applications
    Wiring of single phase transformers
    Wiring of three phase transformers
    Wiring of wye/delta configuration
    Wiring of delta/wye configuration
    Industrial Electricity Power III
    This course discusses the principles and applications of Single phase, Three phase and DC motors. Explains wiring, and operation of motors commonly used. This course also includes troubleshooting techniques for the types of motors discussed. 
             **safety glasses required
     I. A/C Motor Concepts
       a. Construction of a motor
       b. AC Motor Operation
       c. Counter electromotive force (CEMF)
       d. Torque
       e. Slip
       f. Synchronous speed
    II. Single Phase Motors
       a. Series
       b. Split Phase
       c. Capacitor Start
       d. Capacitor Run
       e. Capacitor Start / Run
       f. Troubleshooting
    III. Three Phase Motors
       a. Single Voltage Wye connected Motor
       b. Single Voltage Delta connected Motor
       c. Dual Voltage Wye connected Motor
       d. Dual Voltage Delta connected Motor
       e. Wound Rotor Motor
       f. Synchronous Motor
       g. Troubleshooting
    IV. DC Motors
       a. Series DC Motor
       b. Shunt DC Motor
       c. Compound DC Motor
       d. Permanent Magnet DC Motor
       e. Troubleshooting
    Industrial Electricity - Power IV
    This course discusses the principles and applications of basic control devices used in commercial/industrial applications. Upon discussion of control devices, students will design and wire basic control circuits. 
          **safety glasses required
    1. Electrical symbols and line diagrams
    Line diagrams
    Manual control circuits
    Automatic control circuits
    Magnetic control circuits
    2. Logic applied to line diagrams
    Line number reference and numerical cross reference system
    Line diagrams – signals, decisions, and action
    Logic functions – and, or, and/or, not, nor, and nand logic
    Common control circuits
    3. AC manual contactors and motor starters
    Manual contactors
    Manual starters
    Overload protection
    4. Magnetism and magnetic solenoids
    Solenoids and solenoid construction
    5. AC/DC magnetic contactors and motor starters
    AC contactors
    Overload protection and overload heater sizes
    6. Time delay and logic
    Dashpot, synchronous, and solid- state timers
    Timing functions
    7. Control devices
    Limit switches
    Pressure switches
    Temperature switches
    Drum switches
    8. Reversing motor circuits
    Reversing AC single phase motors
    Reversing three phase motors
    Industrial Electricity – Power V
    This course is designed to be a continuation of Power IV with the introduction and system integration of solid-state control devices and solid-state input devices. Upon completion of this course, students will learn how electromechanical and solid-state devices work together in a control system. An introduction to solid-state starters and variable frequency drives will also be discussed if time allows. 
             **safety glasses required
    I. Diodes, Rectification and Power Supplies
    a. Diodes
    b. Single-phase rectification
    c. Three-phase rectification
    d. Zener diodes
    II. Input Devices
    a. Thermistors
    b. Photoconductive cells
    c. Photoconductive diodes
    d. Halls effect sensors
    e. Pressure sensors
    f. Proximity sensors
    g. Photoelectric sensors
    III. Amplification
    a. Amplifier gain
    b. Transistors as AC amplifiers
    c. Biasing transistor junctions
    d. Transistor current flow
    e. Transistors as DC switches
    IV. Integrated Circuits and switching Devices
    a. Operational amplifiers
    b. AND, OR, NAND, and NOR digital gates
    c. Silicon controlled rectifiers
    d. Triacs
    V. Relays
    a. Electromechanical relays
    b. Solid-state relays
    c. ON delay timers
    d. OFF delay timers
    e. Recycle timers
    f. Multifunction timers
    Industrial Hydraulics
    Introduces hydraulic systems found in industrial settings. Includes basic fluid power theory and schematic reading, emphasizing the construction, maintenance and repair of hydraulic power systems and devices.
    Industrial Piping Systems
    This course introduces piping and tubing systems used for all sorts of fluid transport in the plant: hydraulic fluids, steam, liquefied product, refrigerant, and of course, water. Other topics include:
    Piping systems
    Metal piping
    Nonmetallic piping
    Common valves
    Specialized valves
    Strainer, filter, and traps
    Industrial Pumps and Valves
    Focuses on fundamental construction and application of various type pumps and valves, emphasizing the characteristics and component identification associated with the particular equipment. Features maintenance, troubleshooting and repair to include pump bearings, pump alignment and mechanical seals. Incorporates valve corrective and preventive maintenance as well as valve applications.
    Industrial Pneumatics
    This course begins with basic compressed air physics and continues through components and elementary logic understanding.
    Introduction to principles of compressed air
    Types of compressors
    Associated equipment of compressed air
    Compressed air control valves
    Compressed air cylinders
    Compressed air motors
    Compressed air piping storage
    Industrial Rigging
    The course presents the safety concerns in selecting and applying rigging equipment. Rigging equipment includes the crane, sling and sling end attachments. The section on cranes covers chain hoist, wire rope hoist, and gantry cranes. The class concentrates on slings, and how to select the appropriate sling according to load and lifting requirements. Safety includes the inspection of each rigging component, moving a load and visual communication with the crane operator. Scaffolds, ladders and mobile work platforms are discussed related to their use associated with rigging practices.
    Industrial Safety
    This course covers: Introduction to OSHA, Safety and Health Programs, Walking and Working Surfaces, Fall Protection, Emergency Evacuation Planning, Fire Prevention and Fire Extinguishers, Personal Protective Equipment, Material Handling, Hazard Communication, Electrical Safety, Machine Guarding, Lockout/Tagout, Confined Space, Noise, Industrial Hygiene, Defensive Driving. Virginia OSHA regulations are reviewed as applicable to the subject. This is an 11 week course in which students who complete all of the requirements will receive a 30 hour OSHA card. To obtain the 30 hour OSHA card students CAN NOT miss a single class.

    2015 International Mechanical Code Class This class will be a chapter-by-chapter review of the 2015 International Mechanical Code, which will be the adopted code governing mechanical (HVAC) installations in the State of Virginia. The class will concentrate on requirements such as outdoor ventilation air, combustion air, liquid & solid fuel-burning appliances, chimneys and vents, boilers and water heaters, etc. The class will also review key provisions of the 2015 International Fuel Gas Code, which will be the adopted code governing fuel gas installations in the State of Virginia. Upon completion of the course, students will have a working knowledge of these codes & will be familiar with life-safety issues & installation requirements as they relate to mechanical & fuel gas installations in the State of Virginia.

    Introduction to Solar Energy Systems
    Why are solar panels becoming the latest trend in alternate energy? We will examine the basics of solar energy and overview applications of both solar thermal and solar electric systems.  Solar thermal system applications include domestic hot water, space heating, and heating for pools and spas.  Solar electric system applications include off-grid (battery-based), grid-tied, and grid interactive systems.  We will also go through the steps to design and build your own small scale battery based solar backup system.  This class is ideal for those with little to moderate-understanding of energy systems.  Bring your questions!
    About the Instructor: Randy Peltola is the owner and system engineer for Genesis Home and Energy which designs, installs, and services solar systems in central Virginia and is located in Waynesboro. Randy has 20 years of experience as an engineer in the electronic and semiconductor industry. He is a General Contractor and a NABCEP certified PV installation professional. He and his family live on a small farm in Lyndhurst, where he is pursuing his passion for sustainable living.

    Mechanical Blueprint Reading
    This course covers the basic principles of blueprint reading and provides the student an opportunity to become familiar with the alphabet of lines, dimensioning, symbols, and abbreviation use. The course objective is that the student will be able to read and understand mechanical blueprints.

    National Electric Code
    This course has been designed to familiarize participants with basic requirements of the National Electric Code. Emphasis is placed on terminology, wiring methods and materials, conductor sizing, overcurrent protection and branch circuit, feeder and service load calculations. Although primarily focused on the needs of the less experienced, exercises and discussion offer an appropriate review opportunity for veteran tradesmen as well.
    PLC Applications
    This course is an introduction to PLC's and will be primarily based on the Automation Direct family. It will also discuss the other major families of PLC's currently in use today. The introduction will cover the topics of processor memory arrangement and data type structures. It will cover the use of ladder logic in PLC programs and the use of multiple ladder files for ease of breaking down the project code into subroutines that allow the code to be more easily understood. The course will teach you the basic elements of ladder logic and how they are used to create and troubleshoot machine and process controls. The course will show you how to communicate with the PLC and how to use the programming software to get on line with the processor. The course will also introduce you to the Automation Direct structure and the concept of remote I/O. The course will also introduce the various Automation Direct networks that can be used for communications with other networked processors and remote I/O. The course will also give you enough hands on time with the software to be able to get online and understand how to use the programming software to monitor complex PLC code and to make minor adjustments when needed.
    Small Engine Repair
    Get hands-on training on repairing small engines in this 12 week course. 
             **safety glasses required
    You'll learn how to:
    •Troubleshoot and repair engine components and systems.
    •Work with engines, ignition systems, and electrical circuits.
    •Inspect and repair small engine fuel systems.
     Technical Math
    Technical Math is a general math course designed as a core course for the evening apprenticeship program, but is open to anyone desiring a math course to increase their basic math skills or as a refresher course for people that have not used Math for some time. The course consists of general math starting with addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. It continues with fractions, decimals, squares, and square roots. The course then moves into algebra applied to real world problems where formulas are used and explained. Finally there is a short introduction to trigonometry with an emphasis on practical application.
    The math course is not limited to 12 weeks. Students advance at their own pace and are allowed to take the time to cover the material. Apprentices are given a screening exam on the first class and if they score 85 or better will be given credit for the class. Please bring a calculator for the screening exam.
     Woodworking Design & Fabrication
    • Gain experience in safe use of power equipment & hand tools
    • Develop the foundation/systematic approach to manipulating equipment & materials to a desired result
    • 2 project offerings according to level of experience
    • Student will develop material list & shop for materials
    • Students encouraged to provide personal hand tools
    • Safety glasses required